Pagan 101 - Becoming a Pagan FAQ

Pagan 101

Becoming a Pagan FAQ 

by Abby Willowroot © 1997

Many people, both young and old have asked me for information on how to become a Pagan. This page will answer some of the most common questions. In matters of spirituality, many paths are open to you.

There is no "one right path". There is only the path that is right for you. Learning about what Pagans believe and practice will help you know if this path is one that helps you to truly express your own true and unique spirit.

The Goddess within you has the power to remember. All things are possible when you claim your Goddess-self. Imagine you are a Goddess, Now, be the Goddess you imagine.

Pagan 101

What is a Pagan?
A Pagan is a person who believes that everything has a soul or spirit. This is called Animism, and all Pagan religions share this belief in common.  Rivers, animals, rocks, trees, land are all filled with there own unique spirits for people who are Pagans. Traditionally, Christians believe that only humans have souls or spirits.

Many environmentally conscious Christians today share the belief with Pagans that all forms of life have a soul.  Pagans see the divine spirit in all life, as do some members of other religions.

Is there more than One Pagan Religion?
There are hundreds of different Pagan Religions. Some of the best known Pagan religions are Buddhism, Shintoism, Native American Religions, Hinduism, Taoism, Wicca, Druidism, Asatru, Shamanism, Neo-Paganism and Eclectic Paganism.

Is Paganism a Cult?
No, Paganism is a major World Religion, with many branches. More people on Earth are Pagans than any other faith. Some Pagan groups may be classified as cults, just like some Christian groups are cults.
The Christian groups headed by Jim Jones at Jonestown, who committed mass suicide, and the followers of David Koresh at Waco, Texas are both considered cults, but they were also Christian denominations.

Any religious or spiritual tradition can have cults in its midst, that does not mean that the entire tradition is a cult. Wackos and religious charletans come in all religions, denominations, and races.

The word Cult is often used as a slur word to disparage someone elses religious beliefs. It is frequently used derisively toward non-white or indigenous folk cultures and their beliefs.

Are Pagans Devil Worshippers?
No, Pagans do not worship the Devil or Satan. Pagans do not believe in the Devil, he is part of the Judeo-Christian Religions and their  mythology.

Most Devil worshipping groups are not Pagan, because they are centered on a Judeo-Christian supernatural being, namely Satan. These Devil Worshippers are a sect of Christianity, even though Christianity does not want to claim them.

Their focus is on opposing the mainstream Christian God and honoring the Devil, neither of these beings are part of Paganism. There is a tradition that calls itself Satanist. Satanists are not devil worshippers. They do not believe in god or the devil or any force outside themselves and other living creatures. They believe they can control their lives without the need to place responsibility on a higher power of any kind. Devil worshippers on the other hand sometimes do claim to be Satanists. . . this leads to lots of confusion.

People often confuse the Occult with Pagan Religion, this is a mistake, they are very different things. Many religions, including; Pagan, Non-Pagan, Christianity and Judeaism have occult aspects, many do not..

Are Pagans Witches?
Some Pagans are Witches, some are not. Many Pagan groups do not practice Witchcraft. Wiccans are a type of Pagan Witches, there are also Dianic Witches, Green Witches, and other types of Pagan Witches. There are also Christian Witches, many of these people are practicing Christian, but also practice Witchcraft. Santeria is a South American religion that is a blend of VooDoo, Witchcraft and Christianity.

What do I need to be a Pagan?
 A love of Nature, and a commitment to live in harmony with the Earth and Her creatures. You need to feel in your heart that it is where your own spirituality is leading you. Paganism is for Pagans, only you know if you are a Pagan in your heart.

What is a Pagan Ritual?
A Religious or Pagan Ritual is anything that focuses your spiritual energy. A church service is a ritual, so is a wedding, or a funeral, or a Hopi Sun Dance. Humans have created rituals since the beginning of time. Ritual is the way humans express their connection with divinity and each other.

There are many kinds of Pagan Ritual, personal rituals you do by yourself, full moon rituals, by yourself or with a group. There are blessing rituals for a new home, or for children, or for healing, or cleansing. There are protection ritual, and banishing rituals, to name a few.

Your Grandmother may have placed a horseshoe over the door, this is a popular form of simple protection ritual that is rooted in Pagan tradition. Or throwing salt over your shoulder if it is spilled, so as not to attract bad luck.

For Wiccans and Neo-Pagans there are some basic Ritual Traditions that you may have heard about. Many Pagan Ritual begin by honoring the Earth and the 4 directions, as well as the elements the directions represent, Air, Fire, Water and Earth. A circle is cast and blessed with water, smoke, salt and light in honor of these elements. Rituals often include, singing, chanting, dancing, drumming, poetry and hymns to the Goddess or Gods. Some Rituals are very complex and are almost like a play, other rituals are very simple and flow with the energy of the group.

Do Pagans believe in Jesus?
Some do and some do not. Many Pagans believe in a wide variety of higher beings. Jesus is one of these beings for some Pagans. Some believe he was a great spiritual teacher, but not a god. Some have no feelings about him at all.

Who is the Pagan God?
There is no single Pagan God. Some Pagan faiths, like Hinduism and Eclectic Paganism have many Gods and Goddesses. Some Pagan Traditions like Taoism have no Gods or Goddesses. Some popular deities with contemporary American Pagans are Artemis-Diana, Inanna, the GreenMan, IsIs, Brigid, Rhiannon, Apollo, Kore, and Demeter.

What is a Goddess?
The first deities humans worshipped were Goddesses. A Goddess is the female creative and life giving forces of the Universe and much more. See "Goddess 101" for more detailed answers about what a Goddess is Goddess 101

Do Pagans Pray?
Yes, many Pagans pray and many connect with the divine in other ways. Many meditate as a form of prayer, other drum as a form of prayer, others chant, sing or dance. Some dedicate each task they perform during the day, to the Goddess. Throughout human history people have spoken to their Gods or Goddesses through many different kinds of "prayer".

When a Muslim prays, they bow toward Mecca, when a Christian prays they cross themselves, when a Buddhist prays they chant or make a sand mandala, when a Pagan prays, they may be chanting, doing ritual, hugging a tree or picking up litter on a beach, as a way of connecting with their Goddesses or Gods.

How do you become a Pagan?
You look into your heart and ask if it is the right path for you. Some people are born Pagans, even though they do not even know the word, others are born into Pagan cultures, and many others become Pagan when they search their hearts for a connection with their Spirits.

To become a practicing Pagan, you must learn to look at Nature and begin to honor Her ways and cycles. Many new Pagans begin by celebrating the phases of the Moon. This can be as simple as taking the time each evening to gaze at the Moon and sing softly to yourself. Make up the words as you go along, you will be amazed at how easy it is. Really look at plants, and your cat, sit quietly and see if you can feel their energy. The first steps to becoming a Pagan are becoming aware of the magic of the natural world around you. The second step is do a small personal ritual and self-blessing that celebrates your entering the Pagan Path.

What do Pagans do?
Pagans try to live in harmony with the Earth and raise their children to honor the ways of Nature. Pagans strive to strengthen their understanding of this miracle called Life.
Pagans go to school, go to work, pay taxes, clean house, garden, raise kids, make art, watch TV, do not watch TV, eat at McDonalds, do not eat at McDonalds and love or hate computers, just like everyone else.

Pagans are just folks who have a different religion, a Nature Religion that teaches them to honor all life. Pagans honor their Goddesses and Gods with the same faith that non-pagans have their own religions.

Where are the Pagan Churches?

There are thousands of Pagan Temples around the world. Most Eclectic Pagans, Wiccans and Native American Religions do not worship in churches. Because they are Nature Religions. Religious Rituals are often held outside, in parks, fields, wooded groves, at a beach or lake, anywhere that promotes a connection with Nature. Large public rituals are often held in auditoriums, small rituals are often held in peoples homes. There are also Virtual Temples and Altars online.

Why do people say bad things about Pagans?

People often ridicule what they do not understand. Fundamental Christianity seems especially threatened by Pagans, although I do not know why. Many hateful, ridiculous, and untrue things about Paganism have been said by Fundamentalist preachers, who obviously were not paying any attention to Jesus message. Hate and prejudice were never a part of Jesus teachings. Hollywood has also created many damaging and untrue stereotypes to sell movie tickets. Funny, no one believes Robo-Cop is real, but people seem anxious to believe any absurd thing said about Pagans or Witches. (NO "The Craft" was not realistic or true at all!!!)

Can a Christian be a Pagan too?

Many cultures have a blend of Christian and Pagan beliefs within their Christian Religions. Irish Catholicism, Mexican, Italian and South American Catholicism all have incorporated many Pagan beliefs and customs into their Christian faith. I am sure there are many others, but these are the ones I am most familiar with. The crowning of Mary on May Day is from the older Pagan custom of "Crowning the May Queen" as a representative of the Goddess.

Religious belief is a very personal thing, it is the most personal thing about you. How you express your spirituality is no ones business but your own and what you believe is between you and your higher power. Your truth is in your own heart, honor it and do not let anyone limit it.

How do I start learning about being a Pagan?

You look into your heart and begin asking yourself questions about what is sacred. The essence of Paganism is within you, many of the answers are there. There are some resources listed below that will help you to learn more about Paganism. Start with remembering to be grateful to the Earth for sustaining your life and giving you food.

What can I do if my family or friends think it is bad to be a Pagan?

You can try to educate them. If this does not work, quietly develop a Pagan heart. You can begin by trusting your own perceptions. Then honor Nature and learn Her ways. You may not be able to buy books or go to public rituals, but you can watch a small patch of grass for 10 minutes and really see it, all true power comes through understanding.

You can gaze at the night sky and feel the power of the Moon, and get to know Her phases .......You can learn about herbs, and the environment .......You can practice sewing, so when you can have ritual clothes, you will be able to create beautiful ones .......You can look at National Geographics at the Library and learn about Pagan societies and beliefs around the world .......You can go to museums and see ancient Goddess & God figures .......You can study about Native American customs ....... You can pick up litter as a way to be a Pagan honoring Mother Earth .......You can meditate .......You can collect pictures of Nature .......You can soak in a tub and do a private ritual in your mind, as you bless the water for its life giving essence .......You can notice if the plants or animals around you need food or water .......You can thank the Earth for each bit of food you eat.......You can learn to recognize what Nature is saying by listening.

Regardless of what your friends or family believe, you can practice your faith in small, simple, healing ways that will create a powerful spiritual energy within you and strengthen your connection with the Earths Wisdom and Spirituality.

Where can I learn more?

There are many good places online to learn about Paganism and Earth-Spirit Religions. There are message boards on AOL at Keyword: Pagan, Buddhism, and Native American. "The Witches Web" is a great place to find out about some Pagan beliefs. Some great Pagan Web Pages are listed at The Pagan Directory Online. A great resource is Avatar Search, a Metaphysical Search Engine that has many listings under Pagan.

"Drawing Down the Moon" by Margot Adler
is a great guide to the Pagan and Wicca groups and beliefs in the USA,  this book is available from



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      Pagan 101 - Becoming a Pagan  is just the beginning, there are many more interesting things for you to explore at the Spiral Goddess Grove, these are just some of them; ~ temples ~ altars ~ groves ~ earth goddess ~ hygeia ~ the hearth ~ kali ~ gaea ~ gaia ~ solstice ~ kuan yin ~ laussel ~ labyris ~ labyrs ~ mary ~ moon goddess ~ earth mother ~ neolithic goddess ~ pagan ~ paganism ~ pagan goddesses ~ mother ~ moon ~ ancestors ~ amazon ~ self acceptance ~ ancient goddesses ~ aphrodite ~ astarte ~ minoan crete ~ crone ~ earth goddess ~ dolni ~ athena ~ brigid ~ brigit ~ cave art ~ wicca ~ wiccan ~ dianic ~ witch ~ spirituality ~ ancestress ~ greenman ~ green man ~ goddess art ~ celebration  ~ spirit path ~ nature ~ kali ma ~ serpent ~ spiritual renewal ~ So, won't you join us on this journey of discovery that explores the past, the present and the future.  The traditions of Neo-Paganism are varied and diverse, but all are based on an Eco-friendly approach to living and thriving as citizens of Earth. 

We are at a tuning point in human history, a point when recommiting ourselves to honoring the life force and the sanctity of living things can make a real difference.  When you celebrate and honor the Goddess, you are celebrating Life and being, instead of death and killing.       

~ La Diosa, Femenina Adivina  ~ La Déesse, Féminine Devinent ~ Die Göttin, Weiblich Erahnen ~ Il Goddess, Femminile Divine ~ O Goddess, Feminine Divine ~ Godin, Vrouwelijke Goddelijke, Spiraalvormige Godin ~ Θεά, θηλυκή θεία, σπειροειδής θεά ~ Богина, Женственная Предсказывает, Спиральн Богина ~ Il Goddess, Femminile Divine, Goddess A spirale ~

triple moon

Great Goddess IsIs ~ Mother Goddess Demeter ~ Arinna ~ Yemaya ~ Sirona ~ Diana ~ Inanna ~ Goddess Ishtar ~ Hecate ~ Brigid ~ Freyja ~ Nammu ~ Astarte ~ Sophia ~ AuLat ~ Lwvana ~ Maat ~ Turan ~ Minerva ~ Nut ~ Boldogasszony ~ Otohime ~ Hathor ~ Mawu ~ Aphrodite ~ Kanayama-hime ~ Luna ~ Kali Ma ~ Quan Yin ~ Selene ~ Kore ~ Goddess Amaterasu ~ Pandora ~ Medusa ~ Nathor ~ Venus ~ Gaia ~ Funadama ~ Sedna ~ Iris ~ Corn Mother ~ Dana ~ Kannon ~ Cerridwen ~ Goddess Irene ~ Macha ~ Rhiannon ~ Kishimo-jin ~ Hel ~ Mary ~ Nortia ~ Benzai-Ten ~ Frigga ~ Partula ~ Vinca ~ Lady of the Beasts ~ Uba ~ Rowan ~ Artemis ~ Ma ~ Marica ~ Ki ~ Gabjauja ~ Louzera ~ Lhamo ~ Amentet ~ Gabija ~ Laka ~ Goddess Selene ~ Allat ~ Uac Rapito ~ Pavasiya ~ Lahar ~Zemyna ~ Securitas ~ Sechat-Hor ~ Pandara ~ Saps ~ Rheia ~ Ma-Zu ~ Ran ~ Quiritus ~ Bubona ~ Prende ~ Kishi-Bojin ~ Flora ~ Goddess Mayahuel ~ Chup-Kamui ~ Mafdet ~ Diti ~ Fauna ~ Aradia ~ Kaminari ~ Goddess Vaisgamta ~ Atabey ~ Pales ~ Zeme pati ~ Kaupuole ~ Rasyte ~ Marisha-Ten ~ Great Goddess Artemis of Ephesus ~ Kami-Musubi ~ Aparajita ~ Hina ~ Oya ~ Zenenet ~ Bona Dea ~ Uma ~ Daphne ~ Heket ~ Ixtab ~ Saule ~ Caca ~ Baubo ~ Eye Goddess ~ Goddess Ixchel ~ Helene ~ Quilla ~ Izanami ~ Queen of Heaven ~ Unut ~ Ostara ~ Benzai-Ten ~ Zana ~ Bastet ~ Anuket ~ Sothis ~ Ana ~ Oshun ~ Hygeia ~ Sengen ~ Goddess Pele ~ Sauska ~ Aditi ~ Lilith ~ Toyouke-Omikami ~ She Who is Many ~ Athena ~ Zemes Mate ~ Ceres ~ Fulla ~ Ningal ~ Marama ~ Uni ~ Lucina ~ Grandmother Spider ~ Am-No-Tanabata-Hime ~ Nepit ~ Adraste ~ Maiden Goddess Persephone ~ Ba ~ Jord ~ Cybele ~ Goddess Hera ~ Anath ~ Parvati ~ Jian Lao ~ Asthoreth ~ Inar ~ Laka ~ Epona ~ Uzume ~ Circe ~ Damona ~ Camunda ~ Anat ~ Rosmerta ~ Zuimaco ~ Anahita ~ Pomona ~ Eos ~ Tyche ~ Peitho ~ Korrawi ~ Sachmet ~ Isara ~ Nemetona ~ Kubaba ~ Fortuna ~ Aurora ~ Jurate ~ Antum ~ Hine-nui-te-po ~ Ala ~ Karitei-mo ~ Ahurani ~ Kybele ~ Kaltes ~ Nana ~ Ida ~ Pachet ~ Milda ~ Zemyna ~ Fravasi ~ Brigantia ~ Blodeuwedd ~ Gosseaa Yuki-Onna ~ Artio ~ Nakatsu-Hime ~ Selket ~ Tlazolteotl ~ Abundantia ~ Alpan ~ Uli ~ Neith ~ Krumine ~ Venus of Laussel ~ Vinca Bird Goddess ~ Ame-No-Mi-Kumari ~ Medeine ~ Bride ~ Asherah ~ Jurakan ~ Ihuanaboina ~ Acatl ~ Pergubre ~ Moon Goddess ~ Laima ~ Giltine ~ Laksmi ~ Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Kidul ~ Minoan Snake Goddess ~ Brigit ~ Goddess Gaea ~ Kali Ma ~ Kuan Yin ~ Mother Earth ~ Neoilithic Goddesses ~ Dolni ~ Haniyasu-hime ~ Kojin ~ Kishijoten ~ Goddess of the Amazons ~ Dewi Sri ~ All Ancient Goddesses whose names we do not know ~

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